India key economic indicators upsc

India key data Population, banking and economy India key economic indicators upsc

INDIA GDP & INTERNATIONAL TRADE DATA UPSC 2023

India key economic indicators upsc


Gross Domestic Product(GDP)

Nominal GDP - $3.732 Billion (5th  behind US, china, Germany & Japan)

Purchasing power parity GDP - $13.119 Billion (3rd behind US & China)


INTERNATIONAL TRADE

Trade data 2021-22 & 2022-23

 2021-22

(USD Billion)

 2022-23

(USD Billion)

Merchandise Exports 422.00 447.46
Imports 613.05 714.24
Trade Balance -191.05 -266.78
Services* Exports 254.53 322.72
Imports 147.01 177.94
Net of Services 107.52 144.78
Overall Trade (Merchandise+

Services)*

Exports 676.53 770.18
Imports 760.06 892.18
Trade Balance -83.53 -122.00

 

Balance of payments = Trade balance + Balance in capital account + Balance in financial account

Trade balance - The current account is used to mark the inflow and outflow of goods and services into a country.

Balance in capital account – It includes all international capital transfers such as remittances or proceeds of asset sales by migrants leaving or entering a country, the transfer of ownership on fixed assets.

Financial account - International monetary flows related to investment in business, real estate, bonds, and stocks are documented. Also included are government-owned assets, such as foreign reserves, gold, special drawing rights (SDRs) held with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), private assets held abroad, and direct foreign investment. Assets owned by foreigners, private and official, are also recorded in the financial account.


Forex reserves - The country’s Forex reserves, which stood at $606.47 billion on 1 April 2022, the beginning of the fiscal 2022-23, slumped to $578.44 billion on March 31, 2023, posting a decline of $28.03 billion during the year.

In the week ended 28th December, 2023, country’s Forex reserves stood at US$620.441 billion.


Final impact of Balance of payments is reflected in Foreign exchange reserves (FOREX) of a country.

Remittances to the country by non-resident Indians rose 26% on year to about $112.5 billion in FY23, underscoring the surge in demand for Indian professionals globally after the pandemic. Remittances to India were $89.1 billion in FY22.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) into India declined by 22 per cent to USD 46 billion in 2022-23. India is placed outside top 10 of global top 10 FDI recipient list led by china & US.  This is also an indicator of the journey India's reforms have to cover. currently, India's ease of doing index stands at a lowly 63 in 2022 world bank report.

 


India key economic indicators

INDIA KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS
INDIA KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS

INDIA FOREX & BUDGET SIZE DATA UPSC

India key economic indicators upsc


FOREX RESERVES

India's foreign exchange reserves (December 1, 2023)

COMPOSITION:

  1. Foreign currency assets - 533,610
  2. Gold - 47,329
  3. SDRs - 18,250
  4. Reserve Tranche Position - 4,853

In October 2021, the nation's foreign exchange reserves achieved a historic peak of USD 645 billion.

 


Budget size

  • Budget expenditure - $549.14 billion(17% of GDP)
  • Fiscal deficit target - 5.9% of GDP for 2023/24
  • Expected economic growth in 2023/24 - 6-6.8% of GDP

Share market size

India is now the fifth country in the world with an equity market Capitalisation of $4 trillion, , behind the US, China, Japan, and Hong Kong.

This includes all companies listed on all stock exchanges.

INDIA POPULATION DATA UPSC 2023

Population

The current population of India is more than 1,43.4 crores in December 2023, based on the United Nations figures.

  • India population is equivalent to 17.76% of the world population.
  • India ranks number 1 in the world.
  • The population density in India is 481 per Km2 (1,244 people per mi2).
  • 3 % of the population is urban (518,239,122 people in 2023)
  • The median age in India is 28.2 years.

 


 

INDIA EXTERNAL DEBT

EXTERNAL DEBT:

In september 2023, India's external debt stood at US$ 630 billion.

 

INTERNAL DEBT:

In september 2023, India's Internal debt stood at 90% of GDP..

INDIA MONETARY POLICY KEY RATES DATA 2023 UPSC

 

Monetary policy key rates

India key economic indicators

 

Key Indicators              December, 2023            December, 1991
Indicator Current rate  
CRR 4.50%   25%
SLR 18.00% 38.5%
Repo rate 6.50%  
Reverse repo rate 3.35%  
Marginal Standing facility rate 6.75%  
Bank Rate 6.75%    11.00%

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