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Minimum Support Prices (MSP) for Kharif Crops

Minimum Support Price


Union Cabinet approves Minimum Support Prices (MSP) for Kharif Crops for Marketing Season 2023-24


The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by the Hon’ble Prime Minister has approved the increase in the Minimum Support Prices (MSP) for all mandated Kharif Crops for Marketing Season 2023-24.

What is MSP?

Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices.


Who announces MSP?

The minimum support prices are announced by the Government of India at the beginning of the sowing season for certain crops on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).

How is MSP fixed?

The increase in MSP for Kharif Crops for Marketing Season 2023-24 is in line with the Union Budget 2018-19 announcement of fixing the MSP at a level of at least 1.5 times of the All-India weighted average Cost of Production, aiming at reasonably fair remuneration for the farmers. The expected margin to farmers over their cost of production are estimated to be highest in case of bajra (82%) followed by tur (58%), soybean (52%) and urad (51%). For rest of the crops, margin to farmers over their cost of production is estimated to be at least 50%.

In the recent years, Government has been promoting the cultivation of crops, other than cereals such as pulses, oilseeds, and Nutri-cereals/ Shree Anna, by offering a higher MSP for these crops.  Additionally, government has also launched various schemes and initiatives, such as the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), to encourage farmers to diversify their crops.

How many commodities are part of MSP?

Government of India announces Minimum Support Prices (MSP) for 22 major agricultural commodities of Fair Average Quality (FAQ) each year in both the Crop seasons after taking into account the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP). In addition, MSP for toria and de-husked coconut is also fixed on the basis of MSPs of rapeseed & mustard and copra respectively. Government also extends remunerative price to farmers through its various interventions schemes. Besides, the overall market also responds to declaration of MSP and Government’s procurement operations which results in private procurement on or above the MSP for various notified crops.

For making effective procurement by government agencies, procurement centers are opened by respective State Government Agencies and Central Nodal Agencies like NAFED, FCI etc after taking into account the production, marketable surplus, convenience of farmers and availability of other logistics/ infrastructure such as storage and transportation etc. large number of the purchase centers in addition to the existing mandis and depots/godowns are also established at key points for the convenience of farmers.

How government purchases and transfers MSP to farmers?

Government extends price support for paddy and wheat through the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and State Agencies. Under this policy, whatever food grains are offered by farmers within the stipulated period & conforming to the specifications prescribed by Government are purchased at Minimum Support Price (MSP) by the State Government agencies including FCI for Central Pool. It aims to service the National Food Security Act (NFSA) and other welfare schemes of the Government so that subsidized food grains are supplied to the poor and needy, and to build up buffer stocks of food grains to ensure food grain security.

Further, different types of nutri-cereals and maize are procured by State Governments itself in consultation with FCI to the extent that the concerned State Government may utilise the same for distribution under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) as well as Other Welfare Schemes (OWS).

Does government support farmers outside MSP?

Yes, Oilseeds, pulses and copra of Fair Average Quality (FAQ) are procured from registered farmers under Price Support Scheme under Umbrella Scheme of Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA), as per its prescribed guidelines. Under PM-AASHA, States / UTs are offered to choose either Price Support Scheme (PSS) or Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) in a given procurement season with respect to particular oilseeds crop for the entire State. Further, States have the option to roll out Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPSS) on pilot basis in district / selected APMC(s) of district involving the participation of private stockist for oilseeds.

Cotton and Jute are also procured by Government at MSP through Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) and Jute Corporation of India (JCI).

India foodgrains production:

As per Third Advance Estimates for 2022-23, total Foodgrain production in the country is estimated at record 330.5 million tonnes which is higher by14.9 million tonnes as compared to the previous year 2021-22. This is the highest increase in the last 5 year.

Minimum Support Prices for Kharif Marketing Season (KMS) 2023-24

(Rs. Per quintal)

Crops MSP 2014-15 MSP 2022-23 MSP 2023-24  Cost* KMS 2023-24 Increase in MSP over 2022-23 Margin over cost in per cent
Paddy -Common 1360 2040 2183 1455 143 50
Paddy-Grade A^ 1400 2060 2203 - 143 -
Jowar-Hybrid 1530 2970 3180 2120 210 50
Jowar- Maldandi^ 1550 2990 3225 - 235 -
Bajra 1250 2350 2500 1371 150 82
Ragi 1550 3578 3846 2564 268 50
Maize 1310 1962 2090 1394 128 50
Tur /Arhar 4350 6600 7000 4444 400 58
Moong 4600 7755 8558 5705 803 50
Urad 4350 6600 6950 4592 350 51
Groundnut 4000 5850 6377 4251 527 50
Sunflower Seed 3750 6400 6760 4505 360 50
Soybean (Yellow) 2560 4300 4600 3029 300 52
Sesamum 4600 7830 8635 5755 805 50
Nigerseed 3600 7287 7734 5156 447 50
Cotton (Medium Staple) 3750 6080 6620 4411 540 50
Cotton (Long Staple) ^ 4050 6380 7020 - 640

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