MILK PRODUCTION INDIA
STATES and RANK
The dairy sector assumes a great deal of significance for India on various accounts. As an industry, it employs more than 80 million rural households, with the majority being small and marginal farmers as well as the landless. The cooperative societies have not only made the farmers self-sufficient but have also broken the shackles of gender, caste, religion, and community. Women producers form the major workforce of the dairy sector in the country. The sector is an important job provider, especially for women, and plays a leading role in women’s empowerment.
What is india’s position in global milk production?
India produces around 210 million tonnes of milk which is equivalent to 23% of global milk production & ranks india as no.1. India has remained the largest milk-producing country in the world for nearly two-and-a-half decades.
How india fares in global milk consumption?
The per capita availability of milk in India is much higher than the world average. In three decades (the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s), the daily milk consumption in the country rose from a low of 107 grams per person in 1970 to 427 grams per person in 2020-21 as against the world average of 322 grams per day during 2021.
Important milestones in india’s rise in global milk map:
- In India, the birthday of Dr. Verghese Kurien, on November 26, is observed as National Milk Day.
- Uttar Pradesh is the biggest state in milk production in india.
- Operation Flood, launched on 13 January 1970, was the world's largest dairy development program and a landmark project of India's National Dairy Development Board
- Operation Flood helped quality milk reach consumers across 700 towns and cities through a National Milk Grid. The programme also helped remove the need for middlemen, thereby reducing seasonal price variations.
- The Anand cooperative structure “amul” made the whole exercise of production and distribution of milk and milk products economically viable for farmers to undertake on their own. It also ended India's dependence on imported milk solids.
- Every year, since 2001, June 1 is observed as World Milk Day by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations to acknowledge the importance of milk as a global food and to celebrate the dairy sector.
What is Operation Flood?
- Increase milk production ("a flood of milk")
- Augment rural incomes
- Reasonable prices for consumers
The National Dairy Development Board has been constituted as a body corporate and declared an institution of national importance by an Act of India's Parliament.
The National Dairy Development Board -- initially registered as a society under the Societies Act 1860 -- was merged with the erstwhile Indian Dairy Corporation, a company formed and registered under the Companies Act 1956, by an Act of India's Parliament - the NDDB Act 1987 (37 of 1987), with effect from 12 October, 1987. The new body corporate was declared an institution of national importance by the Act.