Milk production white revolution india

Highest Milk production states


Milk production revolution India & Operation Flood:

  • Operation Flood in India was launched by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1970 for the promotion of milk trade.
  • Verghese Kurten is known as the father of operation flood, mostly for his successful collection and marketing techniques, also known as WHITE REVOLUTION.
  • It is an Integrated Milk Development Programme which is based on the milk co-operatives.
  • AMUL(amul milk union ltd), founded in 1946 was a cooperative to initially collect and supply milk, which was later processed & marketed by it, thereby becoming a role model for successful working of cooperatives. Famously known as Anand model it has been replicated across india by, NDDB(National dairy development board).
  • National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was established by Former prime minister, Lal Bahadur Shashtri.
  • Top five major milk producing States are Rajasthan (15.05%), Uttar Pradesh (14.93%), Madhya Pradesh (8.06%), Gujarat (7.56%) and Andhra Pradesh (6.97%).
  • Worlds largest By a Mile - India is the largest producer of milk in the world, contributing 24% of global milk production. The milk production in India has registered over 50% increase during the last nine years i.e., between the year 2014-15 and 2022-23 and currently stands at 230.58 million tonnes in the year 2022-23.. Moreover, the per-capita availability of milk has increased from 303 gram/day in 2013-14 to 444 gram/day in 2021-22, nearly 1.5 times increase.
MILK PRODUCTION(million tonnes)

Cattle numbers & source of milk production

Milk production revolution India:

  • The total Milch Animals (in milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes are 34 million, an increase of 6% over previous year.
  • Cattle constitute about 35% of livestock population in India. India has the largest cattle population. The total number of cattle, as per census 2018 was 192.49 million.
  • Buffalo is not considered cattle.
  • West Bengal observed the highest increase of 23%, followed by Telangana(22%). The total number of cattle in the country has shown an increase of 8%. Uttar Pradesh has observed a maximum decrease in cattle population.
  • At state level, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have the largest percentage of cattle in the country followed by West Bengal, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. These five states together constitute 44% of the country's total cattle population.
  • Buffaloes are an important source of milk supply in India, contributing about 51.1% of the country's total production of milk although they constitute only 20.45% of the country's total livestock.

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