Pulses economy types production imports


Pulses types production imports:

Though India is the largest producer (24-30%), consumer of pulses(above 30%) & importer(around 10% of all trade imports), to overcome consistent deficit, India is trying to  create an arrangement with brazil to add it a reliable source of pulses imports particularly Tur and Urad.

India has 35% of global area under pulses.

In 2023-24 sowing season the area under kharif for pulses dropped to 12.4 million hectares from previously 14 million hectares.

Annual production of 28 million tonnes is not sufficient to fulfil domestic demand.

India for the last 10 years imports between 1-3 million tonnes of  pulses annually from Myanmar, Mozambique, madagascar, Australia and Canada.

Pulses producing states

Pulses types production imports:

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan are key growers of pulses.

Pulses by production

Among pulses most produced is gram,

  • Gram is the most dominant pulse having a share of around 40 per cent in the total production amounting to over 10 million tones,  followed by
  • Tur/Arhar at 15 to 20 per cent and
  • Urad/Black Matpe and Moong at around 8-10 per cent each.

Ecological sustainability

comparison with meat 

As per estimates, water footprints for producing one kilogram of meat is five times higher than that of pulses. Further, one kilogram of legume emits 0.5 kilogram in CO 2 equivalent whereas one kilogram of meat produce 9.5 kilogram in CO 2 equivalent.

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